The world is getting taller – but not so much in South Africa

21
194

A new global study has shown that the human race has gotten taller over the past 100 years – though South Africans have shown some of the least change.

The study, conducted by Imperial College in London, looked at average height measurements for men and women in 1914, and compared it to data from 2014.

The data drew on almost 1500 sources, including government health studies and military data, to model changes in the height of 18-year-olds across 200 countries over 100 years from 1914

The research found that average height as increased globally, though there were dramatic differences, depending on the region.

Specifically, there were low differences in sub-Saharan Africa, and large differences in Asian nations and European countries.

According to the researchers, the global trend of increased height has been attributed to improvements in nutrition, hygiene and healthcare, downplaying the role of genetics when looking at an average.

Sub-Saharan Africa, in particular, while seeing an improvement in the listed criteria, remains one of the regions worse off in terms of nutrition and health.

Height in South Africa

South African men have shown the third lowest rate of growth in the world, having increased height by a mere 1.4 cm over the past 100 years. South African women fared better, but still relatively lower, adding 3.1 cm.

South Africa has the 76th shortest average height for women in the world (158 cm, up from 154.9 cm in 1914), while South African men are quite short, ranked 47th overall for the average height of 166.7 cm (up from 165.3 cm in 1914).

Dutch men, and Latvian women are now the tallest people in the world at 182.5 cm and 169.8 cm – in 1914, the title was held by Swedish men and women at 171.9 cm and 160.3 cm.

The shortest men and women are in East Timor (159.8 cm) and Guatemala (149.4 cm), respectively – in 1914, it was Lao men (152.9 cm), though Guatemalan women (140.3 cm).

The tables below show which countries now have the tallest and shortest people in the world, and which countries have shown the biggest and smallest changes in height over the past 100 years.

Countries with the tallest and shortest men and women

Country 2014 Male Height (cm) Country 2014 Female Height (cm)
Tallest
Netherlands 182.5 Latvia 169.8
Belgium 181.7 Estonia 168.7
Estonia 170.9 Netherlands 168.7
Denmark 170.0 Czech Republic 168.5
Latvia 169.4 Serbia 167.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 168.4 Slovakia 167.5
Croatia 168.1 Denmark 167.2
Serbia 167.4 Lithuania 166.6
Iceland 170.5 Ukraine 166.3
Czech Republic 168.0 Belarus 166.3
Shortest
Timor-Leste 159.8 Guatemala 149.4
Yemen 159.9 Philippines 149.6
Lao PDR 160.5 Bangladesh 150.8
Madagascar 161.5 Nepal 150.9
Malawi 162.2 Madagascar 151.2
Nepal 162.3 Timor-Leste 151.2
Rwanda 162.7 Marshall Islands 151.3
Marshall islands 162.8 Lao PDR 151.3
Philippines 163.2 India 152.6
Cambodia 163.3 Indonesia 152.8

Countries with the biggest and smallest change in height: 1914 – 2014

Country Male Height change (cm) Country Female Height change (cm)
Biggest change
Iran +16.5 South Korea +20.1
Greenland +15.4 Japan +16.0
South Korea +15.1 Czech Republic +15.7
Greece +14.8 Serbia +15.7
Japan +14.6 Croatia +15.5
Belgium +14.5 Greenland +14.5
Spain +14.3 Greece +14.3
Portugal +13.9 Latvia +14.3
China +13.9 Poland +14.1
Turkey +13.9 Netherlands +13.9
Smallest change
Marshall Islands +0.5 Tuvalu +1.5
Pakistan +1.2 Madagascar +1.5
South Africa +1.4 Philippines +1.7
Mauritania +1.8 Niger +2.0
Kiribati +2.4 Namibia +2.0
Namibia +2.8 Nauru +2.2
Rwanda +2.8 Kenya +2.3
Madagascar +2.8 Rwanda +2.5
India +2.9 Marshall Islands +2.6
Malawi +3.0 Lesotho +2.6

21 COMMENTS

  1. 471547 234072I was suggested this blog by way of my cousin. Im no longer certain whether or not this put up is written by him as nobody else realize such detailed about my trouble. Youre fantastic! Thanks! 41190

  2. 608126 511070Admiring the time and energy you put into your weblog and in depth data you offer. It is very good to come across a weblog every once in a even though that isnt exactly the same old rehashed material. Amazing read! Ive bookmarked your internet site and Im adding your RSS feeds to my Google account. 477934

  3. 313456 598500Extremely greatest individuals messages are meant to charm allow honor toward groom and bride. Newbie speakers in front of excessive locations ought to generally our own gold colored dominate in presenting and public speaking, which is to be personal interests home. greatest man speach 620896

  4. 507907 740203Good V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. 820304

  5. 120932 20951Good to be visiting your weblog once far more, it continues to be months for me. Nicely this post that ive been waited for so lengthy. I want this post to total my assignment inside the university, and it has very same subject together along with your post. Thanks, terrific share. 15165

  6. 563332 341461Beneficial information and superb style you got here! I want to thank you for sharing your tips and putting the time into the stuff you publish! Excellent function! 940823

  7. 19474 456982I discovered your weblog web site on google and check several of your early posts. Continue to maintain up the really excellent operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking forward to reading a lot more from you later on! 986305

LEAVE A REPLY